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Scope of the Journal

Korean Journal of Microbiology (Korean J. Microbiol., KJM) publishes papers that deal with research on microorganisms, including archaea, bacteria, yeasts, fungi, microalgae, protozoa, and simple eukaryotic microorganisms. Topics considered for publication include biochemistry, physiology, molecular biology, genetics, genomics, molecular biotechnology, virology, immunology, microbial pathogenesis, ecology, environmental microbiology, molecular systematics, bioinformatics, chemical or physical characterization of microbial structures or products and basic biological properties of organisms.

Submission of Papers

  All submissions to KJM must be made electronically via the web-enabled online manuscript submission and review system : (E-mail submissions will not be accepted). Information regarding acceptable types of files for submission can be found on the On-line Submission page of the Journal Homepage. It is recommended that all tables and figures be assembled into a single file together with the main text when submitted.
  The manuscript must be accompanied by a cover letter stating the title of the manuscript, name, affiliation, and title of each author, and complete mailing address(es), telephone and fax number(s) of the corresponding author, electronic mail address(es) if available.
  Manuscripts should be double-spaced and all pages, including the abstract, figures, and tables, should be numbered in sequence. Manuscript pages must have margins of at least 2.5 cm on all four sides.

Editorial Office

The Microbiological Society of Korea
Rm. 810 (New Bldg.), The Korea Science & Technology Center 22, Teheran-ro 7-gil, Gangnam-gu, Seoul 06130, Republic of Korea
Tel: +82-2-3453-3386
Fax: +82-2-3453-3322



  Only papers that report novel and significant scientific findings in microbiology will be considered and accepted for publication. Manuscripts submitted to JM must represent reports of original research. A manuscript will be accepted on the conditions that the presented work was not published previously, and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.

Authorship and Ethical Issue

  Anyone who made a substantial contribution to the work may be included in the author list. Credit for authorship should be based on the four criteria: (1) substantial contributions to conceptualization, design, and the acquisition, analysis, and interpretation of data; and (2) drafting of the article or revising it critically for significant intellectual content; and (3) final approval of the version to be published; and (4) agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work, ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. Any contributions for the paper which do not fit all four of these criteria should be listed in the “Acknowledgements” of the paper. The corresponding author is responsible for ensuring that all the listed authors have agreed to all of the content, including the author list and author contribution statements and approved the manuscript submission to the journal. The corresponding author is also responsible for managing all communication between the journal and all co-authors before and after publication. To avoid any possible dispute during processing, authorship changes including the order of authors’names during revision must be agreed upon by all of the authors and brought to the editor’ attention in the cover letter submitted with the revised version.
  Manuscripts dealing with any experimental work on humans or animals should meet the relevant regulations or requirements imposed by institutional or governmental authorities. All research on human subjects should be conducted in accordance with the ethical standards outlined in the Helsinki Declaration of 1975 (revised 2013), and the research protocol must be approved by an Institutional Review Board (IRB) prior to conducting experiments. All research involving experimental animals should be reviewed and approved by the author(s)’ Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUC) prior to commencing the study, and should be performed in accordance with relevant institutional and national guidelines and regulations.
  Details of the ethical approval status of the research must be described in the “Ethical Statement” section of the manuscript (after “Conflict of Interest”), including the IRB and/or IACUC approval number(s). If the study was exempt from ethics approval, author(s) should clearly state the reasons in the generated statement.
  Eusure correct use of the terms sex (when reporting biological factors) and gender (identity, psychosocial or cultural factors), and unless inappropriate, report the sex and/or gender of study participants, the sex of animals or cells, and describe the methods used to determine sex and gender. If the study was done involving an exclusive population, for example in only cases (e.g., prostate cancer), authors should define how they determined race and ethnicity and justify their relevance. The editor reserves the right to reject papers if ethical aspects are in doubt. For the policies on the research and publication ethics not stated in this instruction, "Guidelines on Good Publication ( can be applied.

Conflict of Interest : Authors must agree to disclose all affiliations, funding sources, and financial or management relationships that could be perceived as potential sources of bias. Anything that can be perceived as a potential conflict of interest should be disclosed within the statements section, during submission. A conflict of interest statement can be automatically generated in the final publication version of the article.
Also members of KJM Editorial Boards are required to disclose any actual and potential conflicts of interest upon accepting an editorial or review assignment. If there is a possibility of financial or other conflict of interest that may affect, the assignment should be rejected. Furthermore, information obtained from the reviewed paper should not be used before it is published.
Failure to declare competing interests can result in the rejection of a manuscript. If an undisclosed competing interest comes to light after publication, KJM will take action in accordance with internal policies and Committee on Publication Ethics guidelines.

Copyright : KJM requires the corresponding author to sign a copyright transfer agreement on behalf of all the authors. This agreement form is sent to the corresponding author when the manuscript is accepted and scheduled for publication. Unless the signed agreement form is received, KJM will not publish the manuscript.

Page Charges : Page charges are currently 50,000 KRW for members, 70,000 KRW for non-members and US$30 for overseas author per page. A page charge form is sent along with page proofs and a reprint order form to the corresponding author prior to publication. Invited minireviews are not subject to page charges.

Review Process :All manuscripts are reviewed confidentially by members of the editorial board or qualified reviewers. When a manuscript is submitted to KJM, it is given a manuscript number and assigned to one of the members of the board for review. The manuscript number should be referred to in any subsequent communications between the corresponding author and the editor or the Editorial Office. The reviewers operate under the Guidelines for Reviewers and are expected to complete their reviews as soon as possible. The corresponding author is generally notified of the reviewers’decision to accept, reject, or require modification or revision from the editor or the Editorial Office within 4 weeks of submission. When a manuscript is returned to the corresponding author for modification or revision, it should be returned to the editor within 2 months, or it may be considered withdrawn. The authors should supply the Authors’Checklist and Response to the editor along with the modified or revised manuscript. Manuscripts that have been rejected or withdrawn may be resubmitted if the major criticisms have been properly addressed. As with the initial submission, resubmitted manuscripts should be accompanied by a cover letter stating that the manuscript is a resubmission and describing in detail what changes have been made. The same editor that handled the original submission will normally handle the resubmitted manuscript.

Notification of Acceptance : When an editor has decided that a manuscript is acceptable for publication, the corresponding author and the editorial office will be notified. The Editorial Office will check if the manuscript was prepared according to the guidelines, however the authors are primarily responsible for the format and quality of the paper. The editor of KJM will complete the assignment of editing after the manuscript is considered to meet the prescribed standards.

Page Proofs : The Editorial Office sends printed page proofs and a page charge/ reprint order form to the corresponding author. Page proofs should be corrected, signed by the corresponding author and mailed back to the editorial office within 5 days, however extensive corrections, additions, or deletions should not be made during the proof stage. Important new information or references of unpublished data or personal communications that have become available in the time between acceptance of the manuscript and receipt of the proofs may be inserted with the permission of the editor. Otherwise, changes are limited to correction of spelling errors, incorrect data, grammatical errors and updated information regarding references.

Reprints : Reprint charge is currently 30,000 KRW for the initial 50 copies. Extra copies are available for 20,000 KRW per additional 50 copies. It can be ordered and purchased through the page charge/reprint order form that is sent to the corresponding author prior to publication.



  Reviews are brief summaries of developments in fast moving areas. They must be based on published articles, and may address any subject within the scope of JM. Minireviews are invited by the editors, not solicited, and are not subject to editorial review. Anyone, wishing to submit minireviews, should provide a potential title and subject of the review article to the editors to seek permission.


  Regular papers are considered the usual format of KJM. Each manuscript should present the results of an independent and cohesive study. Thus, numbered series titles are not allowed. Avoid the main title/subtitle arrangement, complete sentences, and unnecessary articles. A regular paper should include all of the elements described in this section.
  The entire manuscript, including the figure legends, table legends, and References, should be double spaced and pages should be numbered. Manuscript pages should have line numbers. The font size should not be larger than 12.
  KJM strongly recommends using the past tense to narrate particular events in the past, including procedures, observations, and data pertaining to the study that you are reporting. Use the present tense for your own general conclusions, conclusions of previous researchers, and generally accepted facts. Thus, most of the Abstract, Materials and Methods, and Results sections will be in the past tense, and most of the Introduction and Discussion sections will be in the present tense.
  Manuscripts may be editorially rejected on the basis of poor English or lack of format conformity to the Instructions.

Title Page :On the title page, include the title, running title (not to exceed 10 words), name of each author, address(es) of the institution(s) where the work was performed, each author’ affiliation, and a footnote indicating the present address of any author no longer at the institution where the work was performed. Place an asterisk after the name of the corresponding author.
Abstract : The abstract should not exceed 250 words, and should concisely summarize the basic content of the paper. Experimental details should not be presented in the abstract. Avoid abbreviations and do not include references or diagrams. Provide less than six keywords at the bottom of the Abstract.
Introduction : The introduction should supply sufficient background information to allow the reader to understand and evaluate the results of the present study without referring to previous publications on the topic. The introduction should also provide the rationale for the present study. Use only those references required to provide the most salient background rather than an extensive review of the topic.
Materials and Methods : The Materials and Methods section should include sufficient technical information to allow the experiments to be repeated. Give enough information about the maker and model of instrument, operating conditions and other details of the experimental procedures. For commonly used materials and methods (media and protein determinations for example), a simple reference is sufficient. Enzyme purifications or procedures should be described as briefly as possible. If several alternative methods are commonly used, it is helpful to identify the method briefly as well as to cite the reference. Describe new methods or techniques in detail and give sources of unusual chemicals, equipment, or microbial strains so that another investigator can repeat the same procedure. When a large number of microbial strains, mutants, bacteriophages, or plasmids are used, include tables identifying their sources and properties.
Results : The Results section should include results of the experiments. Extensive interpretation of the results should be reserved for the Discussion section. Present the results as concisely as possible in one of the following: text, table(s), or figure(s). Avoid extensive use of graphs to present data that might be more concisely presented in the text or tables. Limit photographs, particularly photomicrographs and electron micrographs, to those that are absolutely necessary to show the experimental findings. Number figures and tables in order and be sure to cite all figures and tables in the text.
Discussion : The Discussion section should provide an interpretation of the results in relation to previously published works and should not contain extensive repetition of the Results section or reiteration of the Introduction. In short papers, the Results and Discussion sections may be combined.
Acknowledgements : Acknowledgments of financial and personal assistance are to be given in a separate paragraph(s) as briefly as possible.
Conflict of Interest : Author(s) must disclose any relationships that could be perceived as potential sources of bias.
References : The References section should include all journal articles, books, patents, and theses cited in the text, tables or figures. Arrange the citations in alphabetical order based on the first authors’name. Abbreviate journal names, according to BIOSIS Serial Sources, in italic letters. Cite the references in the text by author name(s) with the publication year. Single- and double-authored papers are cited by both authors’last names, whereas papers with more than three authors are cited by the first author’ last name followed by et al. in italic. Other relevant sources, such as articles submitted for publication, unpublished data, or personal communication, should not be listed in this section, but can be cited in the text

    Follow the styles shown in the examples below.

Anagnostopoulos C and Spizizen J.1961. Requirements for transformation in Bacillus subtilis. J. Bacteriol. 81, 741–746.
Berry LJ, Moore RN, Goodrum KJ, and Couch RE Jr. 1977. Cellular requirements for enzyme inhibition by endotoxin in mice, pp. 321–325. In Schlessinger D. (ed.), Microbiology-1977. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., USA.
Dhole A, Ortega I, and Berauer C.1989. Effect of oxygen on in vitro growth of Mycobacterium leprae. Abstr. U-82, p. 168. Abstr. 89th Annu. Meet. Am. Soc. Microbiol
Koo CS, Seo SK, Kim D, and Jang D. 2018. A novel marinederived bacterium, and cosmetic compositions using the same. Vol. KR1019186 73B1, Republic of Korea.
Leadbetter ER. 1974. Order II. Cytophagales nomen novum, p. 99. In Buchanan RE and Gibbons NE. (eds.), Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 8th ed. The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
Miller JH. 1972. Experiments in molecular genetics, pp. 352–355. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, New York, N.Y., USA.
Na JU, Youn H, and Kang SO. 1993. Physicochemical characterization of chlorosome isolated from Chlorobium limicola NCIB 8327. Korean J. Microbiol. 32, 9–6.
Powers RD, Dotson WM Jr, and Hayden FG. 1982. Program Abstr. 22nd Intersci. Conf. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother., iv Abstr. 448.
Sigma Chemical Co. 1989. Sigma manual. Sigma Chemical Co., St Louis, Missouri, USA.
Wei LJ. 2005. Master thesis. Studies on anatomy structure characteristics of some cycads and adaptation of them and environment. Guangxi University, Guangxi, China.


  The note format is intended for the presentation of brief observations that do not warrant full-length papers. Submit Notes in the same way as regular papers. They receive the same review and are not considered preliminary communications. Notes should be prepared according to the following guidelines. The abstract should not exceed 100 words. Section headings (Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion etc.) should not be used in the body of Note. Text should not exceed 2,000 words, excluding the Title page and References, and the number of figures and tables should also be kept to a minimum. Present acknowledgments in a separate paragraph, but do not use a heading. The References section is identical to that of Regular Papers.


  Genome Announcements are brief papers which report either a complete genome sequence(s) or a draft whole-genome sequence(s) of bacteria, archaea, viruses and eukaryotes. The paper should address the microbial origin and methodologies used in sequencing and assembly of obtained sequences.

    The contents are as follow:
  • - Abstract: Abstract describing brief summary must be no more than 100 words in English.
  • - The text including introduction, materials and methods, results, and discussion except acknowledgment and references must be no more than 500 words in English version or 3,700 characters (including space) in Korean version. The main text (introduction, materials and methods, results and discussion) should not be sectioned.
  • - Microorganism(s) must be deposited in an internationally-acknowledged microbial culture collection center(e.g. KCTC, KACC, JCM, DSMZ etc.). The accession number(s) of nucleotide sequence(s) must be provided in a separate paragraph at the end of the text with a title “Nucleotide sequence accession number(s).” The sequence(s) must be publicly available before the submission. The sequence(s) should be available through a database (e.g. GenBank, EMBL, KOBIC etc.).
  • - Abstract in Korean
  • - Acknowledgment(s)
  • - Conflict of Interest
  • - References: The number of references must be no more than 10.
  • - A single table should be included in the text, however, a single figure can be added, if necessary.
  • - The publication does not preclude later publication regarding further study, e.g., full analysis of the data.
  • - Both complete and draft genome sequences are acceptable. The number of scaffolds from the draft genome sequence is not limited, however, a corresponding editor(s) will decide for the significance.
  • - Fixed publication fee will be charged (250,000 KRW for members of “The Microbiological Society of Korea” and 350,000 KRW for non-members / US$150 for overseas).


 The Erratum section includes correcting errors that occurred during typing, editing, or printing (like as a misspelling, a dropped word) of a published article. Send Errata to the KJM editorial office by e-mail (


 The Corrigenda section is for correcting errors of a scientific nature or omission that do not affect the original results of a published article. Send the Corrections of a scientific nature to the KJM editorial office by e-mail (


 A fast-track process is available for authors who desire quick publication of their papers. Authors should contact the Editorial Office (E-mail: for fast-track submission. Authors must submit a cover letter stating the novel and significant results of the research and the need for fast-track publication. The review process will be conducted as rapidly as possible, usually within 7-10 working days of receipt, and publication of accepted papers in an issue will follow within 3 months of the date of acceptance. Manuscripts requiring major revisions will not be accepted, but can be considered for normal-track review. Authors will be charged 70,000 KRW for members, 90,000 KRW for non-members and US$40 for overseas author per printed page of fast-track publication. Additionally, 50,000 KRW (US$50) will be charged for the initiation of fast-track review.


 Please check each of the following items prior to submission of a manuscript.

▢ The manuscript was prepared using the Microsoft Word.
▢ Telephone and fax numbers, and E-mail address of the corresponding author
▢ Running title, Keywords
▢ Page and line numbers
▢ Species names in the title were not abbreviated.
▢ All tables (including title, description, footnotes) and figures (separated from figure legends) are provided in a single file     with main text for initial submission.
▢ References were listed alphabetically by the names of the first author.
▢ All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa.

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